How to properly clean fruits and vegetables?

I do not think that anybody needs to be convinced that any fruit or vegetable should be cleaned before eating. We wash them out of dirt and possible bacteria that may be present on them. Fresh fruits and vegetables are the ideal environment for various microorganisms: yeasts, molds, Coliforms, Micrococcus and Bacillus bacteria, and on damaged fruits we can also find acetic and lactic bacteria. They may as well contain toxic pesticides, waxes, heavy metals and other substances that have harmful effects on our health.

However, a simple rinse under tap water (even if it is hot) is not enough! So how can we wash fruits and vegetables to get rid of unwanted bacteria, chemicals, and parasites?

Exposure to pesticides

Vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals, fibers and even antioxidants. Unfortunately, in many cases, they are also a source of pesticides. These, although very effective against the parasites, are not as good for our health. Their regular consumption and excessive concentrations can have serious consequences. On the list of the 12 fruits and vegetables most exposed to pesticides are:

  • apples,
  • peaches,
  • nectarines,
  • strawberries,
  • grapes,
  • celery,
  • spinach,
  • red pepper,
  • cucumbers
  • cherry tomatoes,
  • peas,
  • potatoes

Of course, the easiest way is to choose certified organic fruits and vegetables, but their price can often exceed our budgets. So, shouldn’t we eat them at all? Absolutely not! But always pick and buy seasonal fruits and vegetables and especially clean them properly before eating.

We clean fruits and vegetables

Currently, on the market, we can find special ecological liquid products for washing vegetables and fruits, which eliminate dangerous germs and contaminants from their surface. Although they contain mainly natural ingredients, we do not advise you buying them.

We propose you a method that is not only easy but also extremely affordable, thanks to ingredients that can be found in (almost) every kitchen. It includes vinegar and baking soda (vinegar can also be replaced by citric acid)! If you want to get rid of harmful bacteria, rinse fruits and vegetables with acid water for 2 to 3 minutes. For 1 liter of water, pour about half a glass of vinegar or add 2-3 tablespoons of citric acid.  And in order to get rid of pesticides and other chemicals, you need an alkaline solution. To obtain it, mix water with soda – you will need one tablespoon of soda per 1 liter of water. Put the fruits and vegetables in it and leave for a few minutes, then rinse thoroughly with clean water.

Washed this way, fruits and vegetables not only taste much better, they are also healthier!


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